Quantum Physics Is it the Wave of the Future?
Hala Ayyash
Quantum Physics Is it the Wave of
the Future?
From 1900 to 1930 there was a revolution in the
foundations of our understanding of light and matter interactions. In 1900
Planck showed that light energy must be emitted and absorbed in discrete
'quanta' to explain blackbody radiation. Then in 1905 Einstein showed that the
energy of light is determined by its frequency, where E=hf. Finally, in the
late 1920s, de Broglie and Schrodinger introduced the concept of Standing Waves
to explain these discrete frequency and energy states of light and matter (standing
waves only exist at discrete frequencies and thus energy states). Although
Einstein was most famous for his theory of relativity, the prize was officially
awarded for his work on quantum theory. Throughout the first quarter of the
century, Einstein made many important contributions to this field, the first of
which was his 1905 paper on the photoelectric effect. From 1905 to 1923, he was
one of the only scientists to take seriously the existence of light quanta, or
photons. However, he was strongly opposed to the new version of quantum
mechanics developed by Werner Heisenberg and Erwin Schrodinger in 192526, and
from 1926 onwards, Einstein led the opposition to quantum mechanics. He was
thus both a major contributor to and a major critic of quantum theory.
Einstein's early contributions to quantum theory include his heuristic
suggestion that light behaves as if it is composed of photons, and his
exploration of the quantum structure of the mechanical energies of particles
embedded in matter. In 1909, he introduced what was later called the
waveparticle duality, the idea that the wave theory of light had to be
supplemented by an equally valid yet contradictory quantum theory of light as
discrete particles. Many of Einstein's quantum ideas were incorporated into a
new model of the atom. Neils Bohr is considered the grandfather of quantum
mechanics. One of his most significant contributions to the study of quantum
mechanics is his theory of the atom and its quantum structureâ€”known as Bohrâ€™s
Atomic Theory. Bohr wanted to theorize about the quantum property of all forms
of energy. In order to do that, he would have to explain how energy was
released at the atomic level. He went about this by developing a better picture
of the atomâ€™s structure. The current one that had been developed by Ernst
Rutherford needed some tweaking to explain how atoms could emit light and yet
not collapse in on themselves. Light is created when energy is released from
matter in the form of electromagnetic radiation In the early 1920s, Bohr came
up with a way to understand the stability and exactness of atoms using the
analogy of standing waves. You can create your own standing waves by using a
jump rope secured at both ends. If you pump energy into it and get it swinging,
it can vibrate only in a certain number of predetermined ways. A violin string
is another example. It can vibrate in its fundamental frequency, or twice,
three times, or four times that frequencyâ€”in other words, its characteristic
harmonics. It canâ€™t vibrate at two and onehalf times that frequency. Now you know both Einsteinâ€™s and Bohrâ€™s
theory. Other subjects that related that talk about the quantum theory is:
Entanglement, Entanglement is a
physical resource, like energy, associated with the peculiar nonclassical
correlations that are possible between separated quantum systems. Entanglement
can be measured, transformed, and purified. A pair of quantum systems in an
entangled state can be used as a quantum information channel to perform
computational and cryptographic tasks that are impossible for classical
systems. The general study of the informationprocessing capabilities of
quantum systems is the subject of quantum information theory. This subject struck out many arguments
between scientists including Einstein, Podolsky, and Rosen. The
EinsteinPodolskyRosen (EPR) argument was, in many ways, the culmination of
Einstein's critique of the orthodox Copenhagen interpretation of quantum
mechanics, and was designed to show that the theory is incomplete.
Here are some verses from Quran that talk about the topics
Surah 27:38 AnNaml
Ù‚ÙŽØ§Ù„ÙŽ ÙŠÙŽØ§ Ø£ÙŽÙŠÙ‘ÙÙ‡ÙŽØ§ Ø§Ù„Ù’Ù…ÙŽÙ„ÙŽØ£Ù Ø£ÙŽÙŠÙ‘ÙÙƒÙÙ…Ù’
ÙŠÙŽØ£Ù’ØªÙÙŠÙ†ÙÙŠ Ø¨ÙØ¹ÙŽØ±Ù’Ø´ÙÙ‡ÙŽØ§ Ù‚ÙŽØ¨Ù’Ù„ÙŽ Ø£ÙŽÙ†Ù’ ÙŠÙŽØ£Ù’ØªÙÙˆÙ†ÙÙŠ Ù…ÙØ³Ù’Ù„ÙÙ…ÙÙŠÙ†ÙŽ
He said (to his own men): "Ye Chiefs! which of you can
bring me her throne before they come to me in submission?"
27:39
Ù‚ÙŽØ§Ù„ÙŽ Ø¹ÙÙÙ’Ø±ÙÙŠØªÙŒ Ù…ÙÙ†ÙŽ
Ø§Ù„Ù’Ø¬ÙÙ†Ù‘Ù Ø£ÙŽÙ†ÙŽØ§ Ø¢ØªÙÙŠÙƒÙŽ Ø¨ÙÙ‡Ù Ù‚ÙŽØ¨Ù’Ù„ÙŽ Ø£ÙŽÙ†Ù’ ØªÙŽÙ‚ÙÙˆÙ…ÙŽ Ù…ÙÙ†Ù’ Ù…ÙŽÙ‚ÙŽØ§Ù…ÙÙƒÙŽ Û– ÙˆÙŽØ¥ÙÙ†Ù‘ÙÙŠ
Ø¹ÙŽÙ„ÙŽÙŠÙ’Ù‡Ù Ù„ÙŽÙ‚ÙŽÙˆÙÙŠÙ‘ÙŒ Ø£ÙŽÙ…ÙÙŠÙ†ÙŒ


Said an Ifrit of the Jinns:
"I will bring it to thee before thou rise from thy Council: indeed I have
full strength for the purpose and may be trusted."
Surah 41:53 HaMim
Ø³ÙŽØ±ÙÙ†ÙÙŠÙ‡ÙÙ…Ù’ Ø¢ÙŠÙŽØ§ØªÙÙ†ÙŽØ§ ÙÙÙŠ Ø§Ù„Ù’Ø¢ÙÙŽØ§Ù‚Ù
ÙˆÙŽÙÙÙŠ Ø£ÙŽÙ†Ù’ÙÙØ³ÙÙ‡ÙÙ…Ù’ ØÙŽØªÙ‘ÙŽÙ‰Ù° ÙŠÙŽØªÙŽØ¨ÙŽÙŠÙ‘ÙŽÙ†ÙŽ Ù„ÙŽÙ‡ÙÙ… Ù’ Ø£ÙŽÙ†Ù‘ÙŽÙ‡Ù Ø§Ù„Ù’ØÙŽÙ‚Ù‘Ù Û— Ø£ÙŽÙˆÙŽÙ„ÙŽÙ…Ù’
ÙŠÙŽÙƒÙ’ÙÙ Ø¨ÙØ±ÙŽØ¨Ù‘ÙÙƒÙŽ Ø£ÙŽÙ†Ù‘ÙŽÙ‡Ù Ø¹ÙŽÙ„ÙŽÙ‰Ù°ÙƒÙÙ„Ù‘Ù Ø´ÙŽÙŠÙ’Ø¡Ù Ø´ÙŽÙ‡ÙÙŠØ¯ÙŒ
Soon will We show them Our Signs in the (furthest) regions (of the earth) and
in their own souls until it becomes manifest to them that this is the Truth. Is
it not enough that thy Lord doth witness all things?
Surah 3:190 Ali'Imran
Ø¥ÙÙ†Ù‘ÙŽ ÙÙÙŠ Ø®ÙŽÙ„Ù’Ù‚Ù Ø§Ù„Ø³Ù‘ÙŽÙ…ÙŽØ§ÙˆÙŽØ§ØªÙ
ÙˆÙŽØ§Ù„Ù’Ø£ÙŽØ±Ù’Ø¶Ù ÙˆÙŽØ§Ø®Ù’ØªÙÙ„ÙŽØ§ÙÙ Ø§Ù„Ù„Ù‘ÙŽÙŠÙ’Ù„Ù ÙˆÙŽØ§Ù„Ù†Ù‘ÙŽÙ‡ÙŽØ§Ø±Ù Ù„ÙŽØ¢ÙŠÙŽØ§ØªÙ Ù„ÙØ£ÙÙˆÙ„ÙÙŠ Ø§Ù„Ù’Ø£ÙŽÙ„Ù’Ø¨ÙŽØ§Ø¨Ù
Behold! in the creation of
the heavens and the earth and the alternation of night and day there are indeed
Signs for men of understanding